remain focussed on investigating the implications
for Jewish - Christian relations of my reading of
Paul as a Torah-observant Jew founding Jewish subgroup communities.
These "churches" were attracting some non-Jews, but nevertheless
dedicated to practicing Judaism. Detailed research presently being
includes an essay
on Paul from "a Jewish perspective" for an edited volume
with three other views by Christian scholars (Four Views on Paul,
Zondervan, 2012); Paul, Apostle of Judaism (late 2012) with
an essay on the Jewish synagogue context for the churches addressed
in Romans for an edited volume on Romans (SBL Publ., 2012);
a paper on the context for Paul's polemics in Philippians
3 for a
people's history conference volume; a paper on reading
on a first-century
Jewish map for a new Society of Biblical Literature section on
"Paul and Judaism"; an introdution and commentary on
Galatians for a new
series from Phoenix Sheffield emphasizing critical issues
debate (2013); and a commentary
on Romans addressing the synagogue communities in Rome
with Eerdmans (2014).
other current papers and essays are listed below
as recently released or forthcoming.
Polemic in Philippians 3 as Jewish-Subgroup Vilification of Local
Non-Jewish Cultic and Philosophical Alternatives." Journal
for the Study of Paul and His Letters 3.1 (2013) 47–92.
the Churches Within the Synagogues of Rome." Pages
11-28 in Reading Paul's Letter to the Romans. Edited by Jerry L.
for Biblical Studies Series 72; Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature,
A Jewish View." Pages 159-93 in Four
Views on the Apostle Paul. Edited by Michael
Bird (Counterpoints; Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012). Pre-release
in dialogue with other contributors writing from different perspectives,
this is a welcome opportunity to describe my general view
of Paul to a broad, non-specialist readership. In addition to each
of us developing our own perspectives for the reader, we also comment
on the essays by each of the other contributors.
Relationship to Torah in Light of His Strategy 'to Become Everything
to Everyone' (1 Corinthians 9:19-22)." Pages 106-40
in Paul and Judaism: Crosscurrents
in Pauline Exegesis and the Study of Jewish-Christian Relations.
Eds. Reimund Bieringer and Didier Pollefeyt (T&T Clark Int/Continuum:
London-New York, 2012).
11 and Christian-Jewish Relations: Exegetical Options for Revisiting
the Translation and Interpretation of This Central Text." Criswell
Theological Review N.S. 9.2 (2012): 3-21.
and the Jewish Tradition: The Ideology of the Shema." Pages
62-80 in Celebrating Paul. Festschrift in Honor of Jerome
O.P., and Joseph A. Fitzmyer, S.J. Edited by Peter
Spitaler (CBQMS 48; Washington D.C.: Catholic Biblical Association
and Annotations." Pages 253-86 in The Jewish Annotated
New Testament. Eds. Marc Brettler and Amy Jill Levine
(Oxford University Press, 2011).
and Judaism." Pages 551-54 in The Jewish
Annotated New Testament. Eds. Marc Brettler and Amy
Jill Levine (Oxford University Press, 2011).
Available for Viewing/Listening:
Jewish View of Paul – A
Skype Interview with Mark Nanos" (David
Burnett interviewed me for a class discussion at Criswell College
in Oct. of 2012 on matters related to my essay in Zondervan's Four
Views on the Apostle Paul, entitled, "A
Talk Radio Interview (in 2 Parts) discussing my work on Paul with Stuart
Dauerman, KRLA 870 AM Radio, Sept. 26 and Oct. 3, 2010, episodes 15
and the Jewish Tradition: The Ideology of the Shema" (Paper
presented at Villanova University, Philadelphia, Penn., Thurs.,
Oct. 23, 2008, in the Jubilee Year of the Apostle St. Paul seminar
delivery of paper).
Reversal of Jews Calling Gentiles 'Dogs' (Philippians 3:2): 1600
Years of an Ideological Tale Wagging an Exegetical Dog?" (delivered
at University of Helsinki, Finland, May 14, 2007: version
video of presentation; for final publication, see Biblical
Interpretation 17.4 (2009): 448-482)
Recent Releases on Paul:
Brian Tucker's "Remain in Your Calling" (Pickwick,
2011) offers a clear and perceptive guide to recent methodological
and conceptual issues arrising
around the topic of Paul's view of social identity for Christ-followers,
whether Jewish or non-Jews. V. George Shillington's Jesus
and Paul Before Christianity (Cascade Books, 2011) is
remarkable for rethinking Paul in the direction of an observant Jew
by one who has written on
Paul in more traditional albeit New Perspective ways for many years.
Magnus Zetterholm's Approaches
to Paul (Fortress, 2009), surveys Pauline scholarship
at the classroom text level, clarifying also the position of those
who share with me the view that Paul continued to live jewishly; Pamela
Eisenbaum's new book, Paul
Was Not a Christian (HarperOne, 2009), is a breakthrough
in this new direction for the non-specialist as well as scholar. Another
new work that departs from the
traditional Paul as well as Galatians in a sympathetic and interesting
direction is Brigitte Kahl, Galatians
Re-Imagined: Readings with the Eyes of the Vanquished (Paul
in Critical Contexts; Fortress
Press, 2010). In a different vein, Daniel
R. Langton, The
Apostle Paul in the Jewish Imagination: A Study in Modern Jewish-Christian
Relations (Cambridge University Press, 2010), offers
an analysis of Paul in Jewish discourse, the arts, and even the sciences,
which includes a discussion of how my work fits (and departs from)
the trajectory of traditional Jewish scholarly views of Paul.
also highly recommend taking a look at The
Jewish Annotated New Testament. Eds. Marc Brettler
and Amy Jill Levine (Oxford University Press, 2011). See the initial
Times essay for a few details about why Jews as well as Christians
might be interested in this approach to the NT.
More About My Work:
books include The
Mystery of Romans: The Jewish Context of Paul's Letter,
Fortress Press, 1996; The Irony
of Galatians: Paul's Letter in First-Century Context,
Fortress Press, 2002; The
Galatians Debate: Contemporary Issues in Rhetorical and Historical Interpretation,
Hendrickson, 2002. Galatians Debate is built around essays I found to be
important in several areas of research for Irony of Galatians,
and includes new essays that fill in gaps and acquaint the reader
of the latest
in the debate. I hope it will prove to be a valuable tool for the classroom,
as well as the specialist. An extensive introduction
summarizes each of the contributions, which are grouped into sections
according to methodology and topic, facilitating research and discussion
not only of
Galatians, but of recent developments in rhetorical and historical interpretation
within the field. More details are available on the projects and reviews
and Romans contain
much of the material from which histories of early Christianity and
interpretations of the Jerusalem churches and of Paul's
relationship to them have been developed. This has led me to investigate
more directly the Apostle Paul's relationship with the Jerusalem apostles
and churches. In one current project,
specifically on topics concerning
relationship with the Jerusalem based apostles and their communities.
In another, I am trying to penetrate the allegorical rhetoric of Galatians
4:21--5:1. Please check
sidebar and related pages for more information
these as well as other current and planned
of my professional society papers and lectures are available as pdf's
for download: see the right hand column on the projects page.
am pleased to serve as the Soebbing Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence
at Rockhurst University, a Jesuit University in Kansas City, Missouri.
For a list of past, current, and planned class offerings, see Lectures>>
Testament Guides (New Series). General Editor: Tat-Siong Benny
Liew (Sheffield Phoenix Press; 2013).
exciting opportunity to develop an introduction to
this letter after writing a dissertation published in revised form
as a monograph (The Irony of Galatians)
as well as a number of essays about topics that arise in this text,
an edited volume on rhetorical and historical debates about Galatians
(The Galatians Debate), and several introductions (in Blackwell's
Companion to the NT and in The Oxford Bibliography Online).
The format for the series calls for a concise, accessible approach
issues in debate.
the Synagogues of Rome: A Jewish Commentary on Romans (Eerdmans,
has been such an important book for Christian perceptions
and positions on Jews and Judaism, and Jewish responses. There
is much at stake in both community's conceptions
of the other, and of the obstacles
and opportunities for better relations going forward, that
continues to be imacted by interpretations of Paul's language in
project I plan to go through the letter verse by verse in commentary
translation alternatives and comments. Already I have discovered
many new possibilities to add to those discussed
in The Mystery
of Romans. It is an exciting project to undertake.
Between Christians and Jews
current book project, I seek to communicate the benefits of my
reading of Paul as a Torah-observant Jew for
contemporary Jewish - Christian relations. My target audience is
the informed non-specialist, students, as well as specialists on
Paul, the New Testament and early Christianity and/or
and Jewish - Christian relations. This project builds on
current and recently published research projects and the format
developed in a paper entitled: "A
Torah-Observant Paul?: What Difference Could it Make for Christian/
Jewish Relations Today?"
and Apostolic Judaism: An Introduction
Runesson (of McMaster University) and I are co-writing a book project
designed to introduce Paul as a Torah-observant Jew who believed
that Jesus was the Messiah of Israel and Savior of the
Nations. We have coined the term
to signify this
dynamic. Discussions will focus on the Jewish and Greco-Roman
contexts of Paul
various audiences of his letters alongside detailed examinations
of the messages he communicated. The outline is designed
to be suitable for a one semester introductory course
on Paul, or to be used for the Paul component of
broader New Testament course.
or Representative: Re-evaluating Paul's Perspective on the Jerusalem
project builds on published
research on the Jerusalem Meeting and Antioch Incidents of Galatians
2. The focal point is the investigation of Paul's language
of believers in Jesus Christ in Jerusalem. Since Paul's extant
letters provide most of the available material written prior
to the Jewish
Revolt of the late 60's-70 c.e., these will be the primary area
rather than, e.g., Acts, or the even much later Pseudo-Clementines.
I hope to provide an historical construction of the Jerusalem
Christ-believers' position as it relates to my interpretation
of Paul's thought and
behavior, for example, their policy on the admission of non-Jews
into this coalition.
Did it include the necessity of proselyte conversion? If not
required, did it allow for it? A focus on Paul's attitude
toward and relationship
with the Jerusalem leaders of this coalition, such as James and
Peter, will be sustained. The dynamics of Paul's collection project
investigated. As a result of one of the areas of research I have
begun to work on
4:21-31, discussed below.
Does "Present Jerusalem" (Gal 4:25) in Paul's Allegory Have
to Do with the Concerns of the Galatians?
am intrigued by Paul's introduction of language having to do
with Jerusalem "now" versus "above" in his
allegory of Galatians 4:21--5:1, and by the prevailing interpretations
of this language. Moreover, I find the entire allegory interesting.
It is so difficult to penetrate, calling upon familiarity with
Jewish midrashic exegesis and various Jewish interpretive traditions
about the stories of Abraham and his two wives and sons from
Genesis, as well as Isa 54:1. The traditional and prevailing
interpretations of this allegory depend upon decisions about
the addressees and Paul that I do not share. So I am interested
in investigating this allegory in depth, yet at the moment not
sure what this endeavor will yield, or when. Some of the results
of this research will be incorporated in a chapter in the Hendrickson
project mentioned above, but the balance will likely lead to
a paper and journal length project, and perhaps eventually a
and Other Current Projects
Non-Jews Do Not Become 'Jews,' But Do They Become 'Jewish'?" (Paul
and Judaism Consultation at the Society of Biblical Literature
Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Nov., 2013)
Paul in the Light of Nostra Aetate" (Shapiro
Lecture, Catholic Theological Union, Chicago, Oct. 28, 4pm)
'Pagan' Cults? Cynics?: Reconceptualizing the Concerns of Paul's
Audience from the Polemics in Philippians 3:2, 18-19” (Central
States SBL, St. Louis, March 17, 2013)
Does Torah Observance Mean in a First Century Diaspora
Context, and thus for Interpreting Paul?: Defining the
of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting, Chicago, Nov. 18, 2012)
Vision for Israel and the Nations" (Theological
Public Lecture series at Lutheran Theological Seminary in
Hong Kong, Oct 12, 2012)
Place of Salvation History in Galatians: A Chronometric
presented at Central States SBL, March 19, 2012)
Place of Salvation History in Galatians" (Paper
presented as a guest at the ETS, San Francisco, Nov. 18,
Cynics?: Reconceptualizing the Concerns of Paul's Audience from
the Polemics in Philippians 3:2, 18-19" (revision
of a paper presented in the Philippians People's History working
group in Nov. 2010)
"The Translation of Romans 11 Since the Shoah: What's
Different? What's Not? What Could Be?" (Conference entitled "Paul,
Jewishness, and Otherness after the Holocaust," Baylor University,
To the Churches Within the Synagogues of Rome" (Central
States SBL, St. Louis, March 18)
Paul on a Map of First Century Judaism" (Paul
and Judaism section of the Society of Biblical Literature
Annual Meeting, Atlanta,
Nov. 22, 2010)
Greco-Roman Context of Paul's Struggling Jewish Subgroup
Community in Philippi" (Paul
and People's History pre-SBL session, Nov. 19, 2010)
Judaism, and Christian-Jewish Relations: Revisiting the Evidence
from Romans" (MJTI
Center for Jewish-Christians Relations, Los Angeles, Skirball
Cultural Center, Oct. 31, 2010, 2pm)
To the Churches of the Synagogues of Rome" (a
discussion of why I believe that the social context into which
Paul wrote his letter was developing among Christ-following subgroups
of the Jewish communities, not "churches" independent of them)
with pdf on 5-6-10: "'Callused,'
Not 'Hardened': Paul's Revelation of Temporary Protection Until
All Israel Can Be Healed" (Central States
SBL, St. Louis, March 22, 2010)
of Jews and Judaism in Paul's Letter to the Romans: Challenging
Subvert Paul's Message" (King
Lecture, Washburn University, Topeka, KS, Wed., April 14,
Discussions of the Implications of My Work for Jewish-Christian
Relations and Pauline Studies:
Myth of the 'Traditional View of Paul' and the Role of the
Apostle in Modern Jewish-Christian Polemics," by
Daniel R. Langdon, Journal for the Study of the
New Testament 28.1
(2005) 69-104. (See now also in his book, The
Apostle Paul in the Jewish Imagination.)
in the Footnotes of the Apostle Paul," by
Pamela Eisenbaum, pages 77-97 in Identity and the
Politics of Scholarship in the Study of Religion, eds.
J. I. Cabezón and S. G. Davaney, Routledge, 2004.
Religious Experience in the Eyes of Jewish Scholars," by
Alan F. Segal, pages 321-43 (specifically 340-43), in Israel's
God and Rebecca's Children, eds. D. Capes, et al.,
Baylor University Press, 2008.
Interpretation of Paul in the Last Thirty Years," by
Michael F. Bird and Preston M. Sprinkle, Currents
in Biblical Research (CBR) 6.3 (2008): 355-76.
the Jew Among the Nations--Mark D. Nanos," pages 147-55
to Paul: A Student's guide to recent scholarship, by Magnus Zetterholm, Fortress Press, 2009.
A Not So Super Idea. Bill Tammeus of the Kansas
City Star in an August 19, 2006, discusses recent conference
papers on supersessionism in the Letter to the Hebrews, and
the implications for Christian/Jewish relations today.
Another Look at Paul: Researchers are clearing apostle's
name of anti-Semitism associations: May 22,
2004 article in the Kansas City Star by Bill Tammeus explaining
the implications of our work on Paul for Jewish/Christian
Polemic in Philippians 3 as Jewish-Subgroup
Vilification of Local Non-Jewish Cultic and Philosophical (esp.
Cynic) Alternatives" (Journal
for the Study of Paul and His Letters [JSPL], 2013).
Translation of Romans 11 Since the Shoah: What's Different? What's
Not? What Could Be?" In Lutheran Theological
Seminary Festschrift (Hong Kong, forthcoming,
Within Judaism: A Post- “New Perspective” Approach
to the Apostle. Edited by Magnus Zetterholm
and Mark D. Nanos (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2014).
Question of Conceptualization: Portraying Paul and His Communities
Within the Landscape of First-Century Judaism." In Paul
Within Judaism: A Post- “New Perspective” Approach
to the Apostle. Edited by Magnus Zetterholm and
Mark D. Nanos (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2014).
Judaism: How to Read the Apostle's Letters From A Jewish
Perspective. Cascade Books, 2014.